Gastric sleeve surgery is a kind of surgical procedure that is included in the partial removal of the vertical portion of the stomach, thus reducing its volume by 80-85%. This vertical part is then reduced to a tube same with that of the esophagus which is a continuous and horizontal part of the stomach. Also, the pyloric sphincter and peripheral nerve formations of the stomach, which provide gastric emptying are not affected by the said surgery.
During the time of the surgery, the patient needs to be under general anesthesia inside the operating room for almost an hour. In this operation, the stomach is cut instead of being removed. Gastric sleeve surgery does not require implantation of any foreign object which can be rejected by the body later. One more advantage of this stomach reduction surgery is that the procedure of laparoscopy could be used for execution as the visibility that the laparoscope offers is outstanding, the image is also enlarged ten times as compared with the classical method.
Reducing Food Intake
The portion of the stomach that produces the hormone that makes one feel the hunger will be cut. Aside from this, after the surgery, filling the newly created stomach causes an early satiety installation. People who opt for this method need to eat three times a day. By reducing the stomach volume, the amount of food eaten is reduced but the food quantities that a person could eat would depend on the stomach’s current volume.
Prior to the surgery, doctors will ask the patient to be mindful in following a special diet for a couple of days. At the same time, the patient will be required to permanently quit smoking for at least a month before and after the surgery to avoid risks.
Doctors would also pinpoint that the stomach is an elastic body that widens itself if the diet that has been recommended is not followed. Foods that are high in calories need to be avoided as they could lead to fattening and even raise cholesterol levels. Excessive consumption of sweets needs to be avoided as well as they can lead to diabetes.
The results of this intervention will depend on the body mass index and the patient’s age. Therefore, it is important for the patient who has an index of below 50 and age 30 years to reach an ideal weight after a year or so. Between 6 months and more than a year after the surgery, the patient would lose between 30 and 50% of their excessive weight. People that are more than 60 years need to adopt a good diet and active lifestyle to achieve the expected results.
Before making the decision to have the surgery, be sure that you are fully prepared for it and you have learned about information about the surgery.
See also: gastric bypass surgery financing